The Brijuni Islands are made of horizontal or slightly inclined layers of limestone. Such formations made it easier to exploit because the stone layers can be easily separated from the rocks.

The Romans set up quarries along the sea shore, allowing for easier loading of stone blocks on boats and their transportation to the final destination, while the well-protected Brijuni ports made it easier for them to load the cargo.

With the arrival of the Venetians to the islands in 1331, the exploitation of stone resources intensified to such an extent that the extraction of stone became the main economic activity. The need for building materials in the Republic of Venice was great, and the quality stone was needed for the construction of numerous houses, palaces, churches, bridges.